In Griguts v. Alpin Haus Ski Shop, Inc. plaintiff fractured her left wrist after she slipped and fell on snow and ice while walking on the sidewalk in a strip mall owned by defendant Alpin Haus Ski Shop, Inc. and sued claiming that the defendant did not maintain the premises in a reasonably safe condition.
The lower court granted defendant summary judgment on the “storm in progress doctrine.” Although a landowner has a duty to maintain their premises in a reasonably safe condition, a landowner “has no duty to remedy a dangerous condition resulting from a storm while [that] storm is in progress and has a reasonable amount of time after the storm has ended to take corrective action.”
On appeal, the ski shop relied on the affidavit and report of its expert meteorologist with weather data that concluded the snow accumulation, “combined with very cold ground and air temperatures, caused very slippery, dangerous and icy surfaces to develop when compacted down.” The Appellate Division, Third Department, held that this evidence was sufficient to satisfy defendant’s initial burden of establishing that plaintiff sustained her injury as a result of a dangerous condition created by the ongoing winter storm.
Plaintiff had her own expert meteorologist who had testified he observed untreated patches of black ice on the sidewalk where plaintiff fell and that he himself had slipped; however, the expert acknowledged that he did not know when or how the ice patches had formed. He opined that the untreated patches of black ice observed by the witness were the result of several days of melting and refreezing.
Ultimately, the Court held plaintiff’s own deposition testimony established that she had visited the plaza in the week before her fall — and after the earlier snow event — and had not observed any snow or ice conditions on the sidewalk or in the parking lot and her fall was due to the recently fallen snow. Thus, plaintiff’s submissions were insufficient to defeat defendant’s motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
Thanks to Paul Vitale for his contribution to this post and please write to Mike Bono if you would like more information